Female Genital Mutilation
What is it?
Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. There are three different main types of FGM.
Who's affected?
FGM is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and age 15. About 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM. It is a violation of human rights of girls and women.
The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women. FGM can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating, and later cysts, infections, infertility as well as complications in childbirth increased risk of newborn deaths.
The partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals) and, in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris)
The partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (the labia are "the lips" that surround the vagina).
The narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris.


Normal       Type I       Type II       Type III