Baroque Sculpture

 

The Baroque style focuses on the dynamic movement and energy of the human form. The figure gesture intentionally exaggerates the tension of the movement of the body. It is based on a pose of counter direction and the balance of opposing weights, for example, using the shoulder and the hip to create the feeling of movement or potential movement.
The composition of the body parts often forms a spiral or rotational motion around the center of gravity.

*Counterpoise (noun
  • To balance by an opposing weight; to counteract by an opposing force.
  • A counterbalancing weight.
  • To oppose with an equal weight.
  • Any equal and opposing power or force.

 

Baroque Sculptures has influenced from Hellenistic style.

 

Late Hellenistic, “Laocoon and His Sons”, About 160 to about 20 BC, Vatican City
Early Hellenistic “Winged Victory of Samothrace or Nike of Samothrace,” Around 2nd or 1st century BC
Laocoon and His Sons - Late Hellenistic
Winged Victory of Samothrace

V

Bernini, a Master of Baroque Sculpture

Bernini
  • From December 7, 1598 to November 28, 1680
  •  Bernini was born in Naples.
  •  Pietro Bernini, an Italian sculptor was his father. 
  •  He was a pre-eminent Baroque sculptor and architect of 17th century Rome

 

Bernini’s Sculpture

 

Apollo and Daphne

Apollo and Daphne

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
1622-1625
Marble
Height 243 cm
Galleria Borghese
Galleria Borghese, Rome

 

 

Apollo and Daphne

Ovid's Metamorphoses

This depicts one of Ovid's Metamorphoses stories. It is a story about Apollo who is the sun god, who was wounded by a golden arrow of Eros, the god of love. This led him to madly fall in love at the first sight of Daphne.
Daphne is a maiden and the daughter of the river god, Peneus. She refuses Apollo’s love and as a matter of fact, all the love from everybody, as she hates marriage.
Apollo pursues her and she is wounded accidentally by the tip of golden arrow during his pursuit of her. She is frightened as she is not as fast or strong as Apollo. So, she cries out for her father, the river of god to help her. As Apollo is about to capture her, her father turns his daughter into a tree.

 

The Rape of Proserpina

Apollo and Daphne

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
1621-1622
Marble

Galleria Borghese, Rome

 

 

 

 

The Rape of Proserpina

This sculpture was made by a group of sculptors, lead by Bernini. It depicts Proserpina being seized and taken to the underworld by Pluto. Proserpina was the goddess of springtime and Pluto, the god of the under world, was actually her uncle as he was the brother of Jupiter (Proserpina’s father). In the myth, after Pluto took Proserpina to the underworld and makes her the queen of Hades, Jupiter ordered his brother; Pluto to release his daughter and Pluto obeyed. However, Pluto made Proserpina eat six pomegranate seeds, which were a symbol of fidelity in marriage. As a result, she had to return to Hades and live six months of each year with Pluto, which is the reason why spring returns to us each year, with her return to our world.

 

David

David

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Marble
1623 - 24
Height 170 cm
Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy

 

 

 

 

David

This sculpture depicts a young man, David who is about to kill Goliath. David is a biblical hero who defeats a giant warrior, Goliath.

 

Aeneas, Anchises, and Ascanius

David

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
1618-19
Marble, height: 220 cm
Galleria Borghese, Rome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aeneas, Anchises, and Ascanius

This sculpture depicts the story of Aeneas who escaped from the burning city of Troy. He carries his old father, Anchises on his shoulder. His son, Ascanius carries a sacred fire of the hearth and Anchises hold the penates family household gods.

 

Comparison of David's sculpture from three different artists and styles

 

Early Renaissance by Donatello
High Renaissance by Michelangelo
Baroque by Bernini
David by Donatello
David by Michelangelo
David by Bernini
A R T C   4 0 0 / 5 8 2   A d v a n c e   3 D   M o d e l i n g  /  S u m m e r   2 0 0 7
Call Number: 42072
Credit: 3
Location: Room 1030 Fine Arts
Date / Time: 4pm – 7:50pm, Mo, Tu, Wed (05/14/07 – 06/22/07)
Instructor: Saritdikhun Somasa