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Principle of Animation - Anticipation


An action occurs in three parts:

  • the preparation for the action - this is anticipation
  • the action
  • the termination of the action
Anticipation can be the anatomical preparation for the action, e.g., retracting a foot before kicking a ball. It can also be a device to attract the viewer's attention to the proper screen area and to prepare them for the action, e.g., raising the arms and staring at something before picking it up, or staring off-screen at something and then reacting to it before the action moves on-screen. An example of this is the opening scene of Luxo, jr.. The father is looking off-screen and then reacts to something. This sets up the viewers to look at that part of the screen so they are prepared when Luxo, jr. hops in from off-screen.

A properly timed anticipation can enable the viewer to better understand a rapid action, e.g., preparing to run and then dashing off-screen.

Anticipation can also create the perception of weight or mass, e.g., a heavy person might put their arms on a chair before they rise, whereas a smaller person might just stand up.

Great Video talking about Anticipation:

Student work:

Student Work:

Scan each card, number them sequentially and save in a folder.
  1. In Photoshop - File - Import - ScanGear 7.0.1X...
  2. Place card on the scanner in the bottom left corner
  3. Click Advanced Mode
    • Output Resolution: 72
    • Full Platen
    • Click Preview
    • Selection Width 6.00 Height 4.00

    • In the Setting tab: click Descreen ON and UnSharp Mask OFF

    • Align the selected area, and SCAN

  4. Take the card out and put new card in and SCAN
  5. Repeat forever (ha ha)
  6. SAVE each card as TIF - Each file should be named image_001.tif, image_002.tif, etc.