HTML Notes 1
syllabus | schedule | assignments | Web Resources | ARTC courses
[Intro]     [Tags]     [CSSStyles]     [Lists]     [Links]     [ImageTypes]     [Optimization]    [GlobalCSS]     [CSSBackgrounds]
[Tables]     [Slices]     [IR Rollovers]     [Animated GIFs]     [JS Rollovers]     [CSS Margins]     [Windows]     [Video]     [Metatags]     [Imagemaps]     [FormInput]     [FormAtttributes]    [AdvancedForms]    [WhatisJavaScript]    [Windows2]    [Windows3]    [BrowserInfo]    [StatusBar]    [Alerts]    [Randomness]    [Frames]    [iFrames]    [Frames2]   
HTML notes: Introduction to HTML and the WWW
HTML = HyperText Markup Language

HyperText refers to any text that contains links to other documents - words or phrases in the document that can be chosen by a reader, which cause another document to be retrieved and displayed. The linking connects related documents and allows the reader to peruse the documents in a non-sequential order. <ref>

MultiMedia is the combination of various forms of media (text, graphics, animation, audio, etc.) to communicate information. The term also refers to information products that include text, audio, and visual content. <ref>

HyperMedia is the combination of text, video, graphic images, sound, hyperlinks, and other elements in the form typical of Web documents. Essentially, hypermedia is the modern extension of hypertext, the hyperlinked, text–based documents of the original Internet. Hypermedia attempts to offer a working and learning environment that parallels human thinking—that is, one in which the user can make associations between topics, rather than move sequentially from one to the next, as in an alphabetic list. For example, a hypermedia presentation on navigation might include links to astronomy, bird migration, geography, satellites, and radar. <ref>

Breaking down a website address (URL):
http://www.site.com/path/filename.html
Scheme server/root level path/directory file name

Types of Schemes:
HTTP:// HyperText Transfer Protocol
FTP:// File Transfer Protocol used for downloading files
NEWS: Newsgroup
Gopher: Search Engine
Mailto: email mailto:emailaddress@bgnet.bgsu.edu
file:/// file on desktop or computer used when working in HTML editor

URL (Uniform Research Locator)
ABSOLUTE = entire path name.
EX: http://www.offbgsu.com, use if going to another site.

RELATIVE = location with reference to the current URL
EX: http://anotherofmypages.html

Always use a relative URL! It makes files easier to move to different servers or folders.

Types of File Extensions:
Extensions arevital because they tell the computer HOW to interpret the data!!!

WEB FILES: SOUND FILES: IMAGE FILES: OTHER:
.html .mp3 .png .vrml
.htm .aiff .jpg .mov
.txt .wav .gif .mpg
.xml .au .swf

USE ONLY LOWERCASE NAMES FOR FILES AND FOLDERS. Keep the names SIMPLE!

index.html is the default name for the page that you want to load automatically when you enter that directory.